The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country between Romania and Ukraine that covers 13,199 square miles (33,845 square kilometers).
Many Moldovans consider themselves, their culture, and their language Romanian.
Moldovans/Romanians in the region between the rivers Prut and Dniestr sometimes call themselves Bessarabians. The principality of Moldova was founded around 1352 by the Transylvanian ruler ( voievod ) Dragoş in what today is the Romanian region of Bucovina.
According to one legend, Dragoş successfully hunted a wild ox on the banks of the river Moldova and then chose to stay in the land, which he named after the river.
The name "Moldova" probably derives from the German Mulde , "a deep river valley with high banks." Location and Geography.
Chişinău was first mentioned in 1436 and was the capital of the Russian province of Bessarabia in the nineteenth century.