Thus, Elections Cameroon (ELECAM), an independent body in charge of the organization, the management and the supervision of elections and referendums was set up by law in December 2006.
Elections Cameroon went operational in January 2009 and, by December 2010, had set up its operational structures at regional, divisional and local council levels and effectively taken over the management of the entire electoral process.
Being a government department, under the tight control of the ruling party, it was considered by opposition party officials as biased and untrustworthy.
It was even popularly believed that election results were determined before voters actually went to the polls.
The present case-study is divided into five main sections as follows: 1. This situation changed radically with the return to political pluralism.